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69 Honeyview Estate

Clonmel Co Tipperary

 
 
 

Other interests

II like to paint with oils, and have numerous paintings at my home. My favourite painter is Aivazovskij said to be the founder of Russian art. “Life for me means – work.” – said the artist.

He painted around 6000 pictures. He had more than 120 exhibitions across America and European cities, which proved a huge success.

I’m a member of South Tipperary Arts Centre, I also like a pint of Guinness at my local club Hillview.
In the summer I like to go sea fishing, with my three boys. We fish out of Ardmore Co Waterford, in our 19 ft Orkney fast liner.

Brief Glass History

While no precise date is known, it is though the people of the eastern Mediterranean Mesopotamia and Egypt made glass around 2000 BC. The ancient Egyptians and Romans made beautiful glass objects. The earliest glass vase I saw was in the museum in Knossos in Create. The Minoans who flourished around 1500 b c made that.

Modern scholarship has suggested Egypt as the country of origin of man-made glass. The Pharaoh Thotmes 1370 BC established a glass industry on a considerable scale.
At the ancient site of Pompeii remarkable mouth blown glass vessels were uncovered, but it was through the Romans, whose vast empire, spreading to the Scottish borders, where glass came into popular use.

The ancient Irish monks were master glass artisans; their work can be seen on the enamelled glass studs on the Ardagh Chalice from the eight century, in the National Museum of Ireland.

It was in the 12th century when the large gothic cathedrals were being built, that stained glass became widely used all through Europe.

One of the most important developments in stained glass was in America; this was attributed to Louis Comfort Tiffany born 1848. Go to www tiffany.com for more information.
Up to this time, all images were painted on glass with glass paints. However, Tiffany made the glass to look like the image required. He also invented a new method of joining glass called copper foiling. You can see this on the different type of Tiffany lamps that are about today.

Painting on Glass

What kind of paint is used? Well there are two types, one is a glass strainers’ colour, and the others are transparent glass colours, or enamels.

Glass strainers’ colour.
Painting on glass is done with vitreous paint, what are vitreous paints I can imagine you saying.
Well they are a mix of ground glass and a metal pigment oxide.
Metals like iron, is where we acquire black and brown colours.
Cobalt, for blue.
Manganese, for purple and others are used to make a fine powder.
The power is than mixed with a binding agent like gum Arabic, turpentine or Guinness which works quite well.

Enamels are similar to glass strainers' colour, but fired at different temperatures.

They are then applied to the glass and most importantly fired in a kiln at high temperature for permanent adhesion to the glass. These paints have a limited range of black, brown, red and grey-green. If you study a painted window, in particular the folds of a dress, you will see the artist uses the paint mix, lightly in places and very heavily in others area’s.
What the artist is doing is controlling the light coming through the glass to give an impression of a fold. Or you might say the artist was painting with light.


 



 
Copyright Tom Moloney 2006